NCDs, the starting point for 5 chronic diseases

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NCDs, the starting point for 5 chronic diseases.

NCDs or chronic non-communicable diseases are the number one health problem in Thailand. and is the cause of more than 70 percent of all deaths.  Which non-communicable diseases are diseases that are caused by our habits or lifestyle behaviors. This group will gradually Symptoms accumulate and the disease progresses slowly. Symptoms are continuous and eventually become chronic. If care is not received correctly and in time, it will greatly affect the lives of the patient and those around him. Report from

What are NCDs?

NCDs or non-communicable diseases are a group of chronic non-communicable diseases. Which is a disease that is not caused by infection and cannot be spread to others. Most of the time, this group of diseases will progress slowly. and accumulate symptoms little by little without the patient knowing If they don’t get an annual health check, they often don’t know and don’t get proper treatment in time. Until the symptoms become more severe and eventually become chronic, such as becoming bedridden after a stroke or hemorrhage. Or have chest pain that comes and goes, which will affect your daily life.

Diseases in the NCDs group 

  • Diabetes , a condition in which blood sugar is uncontrollably higher than normal. This causes complications such as blindness, kidney failure, and chronic wounds on the feet.
  • cardiovascular and brain disease It is caused by the adhering of fatty plaque within the artery walls, resulting in insufficient blood flow to the heart and brain. Leads to ischemic heart disease, heart attack, and ischemic stroke. or cerebral hemorrhage, paralysis, or paralysis
  • Emphysema The air sacs in the lungs become inflamed. causing abnormal gas exchange Usually caused by smoking.
  • Cancer is caused by abnormal cells in the body. The most common ones are liver cancer, lung cancer, and colon cancer.
  • high blood pressure It is a condition of blood pressure inside the arteries that is higher than normal caused by aging. lack of exercise Eat salty food Makes the arteries harder Then aortic stenosis occurs.
  • Abdominal obesity is caused by an abnormal metabolism. Eating too much sweet, fatty, and fried food and lacking exercise As a result, fat accumulates under the skin and in the abdomen. This causes a large waist circumference to be at risk for complications such as diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure, and snoring.

Causes of NCDs

  • Consuming extremely sweet, high-fat, or salty foods
  • drink alcohol
  • smoking
  • lack of exercise
  • Not enough rest
  • stress
  • Buy medicine to take by yourself

Severity of NCDs 

14 million Thai people are sick with NCDs, resulting in more than 340,000 deaths/year, or 75% of all deaths each year of all Thai people. This is equivalent to an average of 37 deaths per hour and there is a trend of increasing deaths every year, with most of them dying before the age of 60.

Can reduce risk Just adjust your behavior.

  • Eat beneficial foods from all 5 food groups in appropriate amounts. Focus on eating vegetables and fruits that are not too sweet.
  • Avoid eating sweet, salty, or high-fat foods.
  • Reduce salt intake. Sodium content < 2,500 mg/day or approximately 1 teaspoon of table salt.
  • Reduce sugar intake. Sugar content < 20 g/day or approximately 4 teaspoons of sugar.
  • Exercise regularly for at least 30 minutes/time, 5 times a week, or 150 minutes total.
  • Refrain from drinking alcoholic beverages and refrain from smoking.
  • Regular annual health check-ups 
  • Take medicine as prescribed by the doctor Do not buy medicine to take yourself without consulting a doctor or pharmacist.