What to eat when you have high cholesterol?

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What to eat when you have high cholesterol?

High blood cholesterol is a disease that Thai people are increasingly suffering from, and most people do not know that they are dealing with this disease. Because there will be no visible symptoms of the disease, you will only know. When you go for a physical examination and have your blood drawn. In general, this condition in which the body has high blood is call “cholesterolemia”. High blood fat People with high blood fat levels have a chance of having ischemic heart disease, cerebral infarction, paralysis, and paralysis. Report from สมัคร ufabet

Get to know cholesterol

Cholesterol is a type of fat found only in animals. Although it does not provide energy to the body, it is useful in creating bile acids for digesting fats in food. Creates vitamin D and some hormones as well as being components of various cell walls One part is created by the body itself and the other part comes from the food you eat.

Types of cholesterol in the blood

– LDL (Low Density Lipoprotein) bad

It is a fat that is high in cholesterol. Fat is responsible for carrying to various cells. that needs to be used, but if the value is higher than 130 mg/dL It will cause the blood vessels to become clogged. or is fragile and leads to the risk of developing coronary artery disease

– HDL (High Density Lipoprotein) good cholesterol or good fat.

It is good fat that serves to carry away. That accumulates on the walls of blood vessels and various tissues. to destroy the liver It also reduces the chance of developing atherosclerosis. and men had values ​​greater than 40 mg/dL. For women, it is more than 50 mg/dL.

Optimal cholesterol levels

  • Total values ​​obtained from a blood test should be less than 200 milligrams per deciliter.
  • LDL – should be less than 100-130 milligrams per deciliter. Depends on each individual’s risk.
  • HDL – should greater than 40-60 milligrams per deciliter.

Causes of high cholesterol

  • Caused by eating foods that contain trans fats. or foods that are high in saturated fatty acids
  • It is caused by a genetic abnormality and is passed on in the family.
  • Caused by certain diseases such as diabetes, obesity, kidney failure, or certain medications.

How to choose what to eat to avoid high

  1. You should not eat foods with total in excess of 300 mg/day. And people with chronic diseases should not exceed 200 mg/day.
  2. Choose foods that are high in fiber, such as apples, guava, green leafy vegetables, brown rice, and various grains.
  3. Avoid sweet or oily foods such as bakery goods, fast food, butter.
  4. Focus on fish foods such as tuna, mackerel, and salmon. You should eat them at least 3-4 times/week.